Category Archives: Richmond

Richmond Type 1a

?Obverse has re-cut James dies (CARO over IACO). Obverse crown has 5 circlet jewels, reverse has 9. Eagle-headed harp (sometimes hook-fronted) with 5 or 6 strings. Recorded privy marks are :- coronet and crescent with mullet. Pm at 12.00 o?clock, on obverse only. Die axis may be rotated or upright.

Illustrated E.56a/P.118. pm=crescent with mullet. 1625. (VR) gvf










Richmond Type 1b

CARO over IACO. 9 circlet jewels either side. Eagle-headed harp with 5 or 6 strings. Recorded privy marks ? dagger and mascle. Obverse pm at 12.00 o?clock. Die axis upright.

Illustrated E.57/P.120. pm=dagger. 1625. (VS) ef











Richmond Type 2

The most numerous of the RFT types with production spanning 6-7 years. 9/9 jewels,. 5 to 7 strings. Die axis variable ? sometimes for the same privy mark. Eagle headed harp – sometimes hook-fronted. Privy marks :- lombardic A (with & without pellet), annulet with pellet within, bell, castle, cinquefoil, crescent, cross with pellets in angles, cross calvary, cross pat?e, cross pat?e fitch?e, cross patonce, cross patonce in saltire, cross saltire, dagger, ermine, estoile, eye, fish hook, fleece (slot), fusil, halberd, harp, heart, horseshoe, key (vertical), leaf, lion passant, lis, martlet, mascle, nautilus, pike-head, rose, shield, star, stirrup, thistlehead, tower, trefoil, tun and woolpack

Illustrated E.75b/P.156. pm=cross saltire. 1625-c.31. (ER) gvf.

Richmond Type 3

Similar to type 2, but for apostrophe stop punctuation. Only two privy marks known ? lion rampant and trefoil. The former has 6 harp strings, the latter 5 ? on a hook-fronted harp. Die axis still rotated. The obverse circlet jewels on the trefoil coin are carelessly cut and can appear to number only eight.

Illustrated E.107b/P.198. pm=trefoil. c.1631-2 (S) nef. Thames washed.

Richmond Type 4

New crowns with 5 circlet jewels either side, the central one being a diamond. The eagle headed harp has been discontinued and replaced by one ornamented with 7 beads. Only one privy mark used ? a double rose. Die axis unrotated. One version reads BRIT; the other BRI. All have six strings.

Illustrated E.109d/P.200. c.1632-3. (C) ef

Richmond Type 6

The rose privy mark is retained, as is the scroll-fronted harp. This is found with 5, 6 or 7 strings. Die axis is variable. The distinctive difference to type 5 is that both crowns now have seven round jewels. This type marked the end of the Richmond round issues which were to be superseded by the Maltravers range. As a result of their abrupt ending several strips of type 6 Richmonds were never punched or cut out after striking. These elusive left-overs survive as individual? square pieces, and are also known to exist in strips of between two and nine coins. Studies have been carried out related to the various die combinations extant in those finished pieces which were in circulation.

Illustrated E.111d/P.204. c.1633. (C)? nef